FROM THE ERLE MONTAIGUE
MOVE THE CENTRE
Understanding comes from Experience. And experience comes from doing.
One can only experience the different levels of Taijiquan when one has practiced for long enough. I once had a student ask me how many times I practiced the Taijiquan form each day.
So I told him that I used to practice at least four times per day but now it is more like only once or twice. His next question was, would he get to my level in half the time if he practiced double the amount of times per day that I practiced. The answer is of course, no.
One must practice of course and without doing the forms, you will get no where fast. But it is not so much the amount of times you do the form as this, in the beginning is really to hone your physical skills, which is an important prerequisite for understanding the 'internal'.
It is really the amount of years you have been practicing correctly that is the most important thing. Once you have the correct physical skills, Taijiquan will teach you no matter how many times you do the form each day. And it will only let out that amount of information to you when you need it and are able to understand it at that particular time. It's like a fail safe mechanism, all of the information is there right in front of your face, every bit of it, but you will not see it until you are ready to see it. And if you look for it, you will never see it. And if you do not practice the form at least once per day, you will also never see it as this is the only way that "God" has to teach us what is meant to be learnt through the form.
Sometimes there comes a time when the Taiji form must be not done. This time period can be anything from three days up to months but not years. It's like a computer backing up information, you cannot do any more work until the previous information is backed up, and this is the waiting time. For some unknown reason, one morning there will be this urge to practice, and when you do, a new understanding will take place, the next chunk of information will go into your conscious brain and you will understand a little bit more about life. Should you go against these urges, things will go wrong, you will feel out of sorts and you will become irritable etc., until you do the form again to go to the next level. Having done the form, again after this waiting period and having taken in the next level, you will again feel calm, relaxed and at ease with yourself, you can again 'smell the roses'.
The 'secrets' are all there for all to discover, do not look for them as they will never manifest, just 'feel' what it is that you have to do. Look for meanings in everything you do an try to learn something from everything you do. In our everyday life, obstacles are placed before us to cause us to react and to learn. If we complain and get angry, taking it o0ut on our loved ones etc., we will never learn what it is that is trying to be given. All you have to do is to do your Taijiquan form and you will learn. Everything that is told to us in the "classics" is a secret of Taijiquan. But it means nothing if you just read it and think you understand it, it must be earned and learned. When a 'classic' is taken in at one of the times for learning, it will be like the heavens have opened up and spoken to you, like a light from above, and you will marvel at what you have just learnt. Simple things that you thought you knew, take on a totally different meaning and seem to expand into huge proportions of meaning.
It is the job of the 'master instructor' to find ways of communicating these meanings to the student, so that they will become easier to understand once the learning begins. "MOVE THE CENTRE" is one classic saying that I now believe is the most important area of one's training. Or "THE MOVEMENT COMES FROM THE CENTRE". Once you understand this, and have experienced it, you Taijiquan will never be the same again. You will finally have found the way with everything you ever read about Taijiquan finally coming to fruition.
There is a catch though. To move the centre, correctly, you must firstly have mastered all of the other physical areas of movement as the centre moving is the highest level of movement. So I will try and communicate to you my experience of this highest level of movement so that when it comes, it will really come.
Think of your centre as being your lower backbone in the beginning. As you progress, your centre will be the whole backbone. "The Movement Comes From The Centre". All of your movement must originate from the backbone! See how much your body moves when you simply turn your backbone. Only an eighth on an inch will cause your hands to move some inches, provided that your hands and arm, shoulders are all in sung. (The closest one word translation of 'sung' is to relax, but this is not absolutely correct. More correctly, "we move without feeling the movement").
When we firstly learn Taijiquan our brain puts each movement into either an upper body movement (hands, shoulders, elbows etc.,) or a lower body movement, (feet, legs hips etc.)
We are taught to put our hand somewhere, and that's how it stays in our mind until we learn about 'moving the centre'. In order to understand this concept we must get right away from individual body part movement. You must perform each posture from the Taijiquan form (no matter what style you do, but the "Old Yang Style" of Yang Lu-ch'an lends itself to this area better than all others) looing at where the movement for the hands is coming from. This cannot be done if you are controlling the movements so that they are all slow and constant as in the Yang Cheng-fu form for instance. So this form and others like it must be modified for quicker or slower movements throughout the form. But these quicker or slower movements must not be done just for the sake of doing faster movements, they must be done purely to cause the hands to move from the centre and not from the shoulders or hands themselves. So if you are doing a movement like "Slant Flying", loosen your arms (they should already be loosened) and make the arms move into the posture by moving your backbone only. You of course must hold the arms and hands in the posture for a brief time in order to get into the next movement, but the 'getting into' movements must only come from the centre. It's as if you are throwing your arms and hands into the posture. Only in this way will you ever understand fully, fa-jing, as this is where fa-jing comes from, from the centre.
People often ask me how I am able to perform the Yang Lu-ch'an form with the 'shakes' as if they are coming automatically. It is because I am simply doing exactly what I have described above, moving the arms and hands from the centre. The movements do not have to be fa-jing to begin with, they can be done at a slower pace in order to experience moving from the centre. The whole Yang Lu-ch'an form, when done at this pace, learning to move from the centre should only take around fifteen minutes to perform. But once done, your whole body will feel energised, the backbone will feel strong and your whole outlook will be brighter and more positive. In fact, this article has come as a direct consequence of practicing Yang Lu-ch'an's form from the centre. I usually find some area of release for the tremendous amount of Qi that is generated by this form, and today's was to write this article. It's like an explosion of positive Qi energises your whole body into action when you do the form in this way.
So you have to look at every tiny movement and make it come from the centre only, this will give your hands a rubber doll type of action that will not look like traditional' Taijiquan at all, it will not look 'pretty'. When I first saw Chang Yiu-chun performing Taijiquan, I thought that it looked quite sloppy, as if he were a rag doll. My own Taijiquan at that time was controlled, beautiful, low, but was not Taijiquan. I have since seen only a handful of other Masters preforming Taijiquan in this way and because it does not look pretty, they do not have many students. One master I saw in a park in Beijing had no students at all, but his Taijiquan was just superb, he called his style "waving boxing", which can be translated as "Loose Boxing" or "Hao Ch'uan".
Upon every movement from the centre which will end in a small shake, you must also 'sink' the Qi to the ground. Keep the backbone vertical at all times, and allow the Qi to sink straight down the backbone, through the legs and into the ground exhaling as you do this.
Even if it's only a finger movement, try to get it to happen by what the centre is doing and not just because you have caused the correct muscles to contract to cause the movement.
Allow you fingers and palms to be so relaxed that any slight movement from the centre will cause a great movement at the finger tips.
The health and martial areas of Taijiquan will be greatly enhanced performing Taiji from the centre. You will feel your backbone cracking into place as you perform, your elbows will crack, your shoulders will also, hips and waist will fall into place, setting you up nicely for the day's work. In fact everything that you have read about Taijiquan and probably the reason that you took it up in the first place will now be fully realised doing Taijiquan from the centre. A simply 'classic saying' that holds so much.
I will be making a video tape on the above subject as well as including the above in my next book, "You Have The Power, Use It". Research into what we already know, will continue here on "Horse's Head" and I will try to communicate the enlightenments as they happen.
THE ERLE MONTAIGUE RESEARCH CENTRE
Instalment Number Two
It's difficult to put down into words what one feels inside, one's experience and understanding of a certain thing. I have for years been trying and experimenting with ways to give to my own students, that which I have experienced.
When one practices Taijiquan, you cannot actually think about what it is you are feeling as this would stop the flow and feeling that you were feeling! So there had to be a way of my doing the form and still knowing what it was that I was experiencing. We go into a sort of 'alpha' state when we perform Taijiquan, that area not quite asleep but not quite awake. So I experienced with different levels of energy and found that I could still perform the Taijiquan form correctly and also keep a conscious mind upon what it was that I was experiencing, by keeping my consciousness just a tad above that alpha state.
To this end, years ago, I had a friend place electrodes all around my head and attach me to a bio-feedback machine which would let me know exactly what state my brain was in while practicing Taijiquan. I could then learn to lift the consciousness a bit so that I could be totally aware of what I was feeling. The following is what I have been able to come up with.
1/. You will feel totally relaxed or in a state of 'sung', and will fell each change of yin and yang within the body. Not only those changes that happen physically when you simply know that your front leg has the weight on it and the rear leg does not, but a much deeper understanding of the feeling of yin and yang. As you move, you will feel each side of your body changing from yin to yang then back again, you will feel your two palms changing from yin to yang and back again, one being yin while the other is yang and visa-versa. Even the different parts of your brain will feel changes from yin to yang. It feels like a sort of wave moving all over your body as you move, from up to down and front to back, from side to side and down to up.
You must not mistake this feeling of yin and yang for what you already know about yin and yang from reading about it etc. It will be a totally different feeling, like your whole inside is full of moving honey? Well that's my explanation and I'm sticking to it!
2/. There will be very little physical movement. Remember, that when you practice alone, you only have yourself to impress, no one is watching, so you do not have to 'show' that you are doing Taijiquan. Once you 'get into the cog' of Taijiquan, the movements will really become small and you will simply not wish to do big postures with a lot of movement. You will be forced to do smaller movements.
When we first begin training in Taijiquan, the physical movements are all that we are concerned with. So those movements and postures are done quite large because there is not much connection to the internal movement of Qi. As your training increases, there will be a greater connection between external movement and internal movement of Qi. As the movement of Qi is very small, this causes our external movement to become also small. So at the highest level, there is very little external movement at all.
3/. Your wrists in particular will feel quite electric. As if there is some current flowing through the wrists and palms. This 'flow' which will probably be felt as some kind of tingling sensation, will linger form some time after you cease practicing.
4/. Your body should feel heavy because you are not using any extraneous muscles to hold your body up, only those which are necessary. This is usually a new feeling to most people because we usually hold more muscles than are necessary. When those muscles become relaxed, we feel more weight upon our backbone, so we feel heavy.
5/. Your palms will feel like they are glowing, or filled up like a balloon. This is because of the increases blood and Qi that is sent to the palms. Your palms will look red and perhaps blotchy with blood.
6/. After practice, you will not be able to make sudden movements, or rather you will not wish to. Your Qi and body movements are in harmony, you will feel like you are walking under water for some minutes after practice.
7/. You will feel a great hunger for food. Do not eat for at least one hour after practice. The longer you leave it, the more benefit you gain, as that Qi that is usually used for digestion, is used within the body to heal and energise. The moment you begin eating, that energising will cease until the food is digested. Do not have sex after training, although you will feel like this, especially if you are young! Sex is the largest user of Qi and can be damaging if performed after training. Sex without love is a base way to release Qi.
8/. Your whole body feels like it is breathing, not just your lungs, but your legs, toes, fingers, face all feel like they are breathing. I guess this gets down to the area of energising, as that feels like the body is breathing.
9/. The body feels like it is 'locked', like under water. It's like every joint is in its correct place, locked there, so that if you move only one part of your body, the whole body must move.
10/. You feel as if you are floating but heavy, this is the sensation of feeling true yin and yang. From the base of your skull right down to your coccyx, you will feel like it is floating and sinking at the same time. This causes your eyes to use 'eagle vision' or peripheral vision.
11/. You feel like it is not actually you doing the form, it's like someone else has entered your body and is doing the form along with you, causing your limbs to move in the correct way automatically. Perhaps someone is inside of you? I don't know, or perhaps it is just the Qi flowing perfectly that causes your body to move automatically. I need to research this area more. I have always had dreams where the same old Chinese gentleman is there teaching me things. I wake and try it all out and it's usually very good so I keep it and teach it to my students. Maybe it's just myself telling me things or perhaps it could actually be a guide or some angel telling me things.
12/. A warm feeling covers the whole body while and after practice, even though it might be bitterly cold, you do not feel it. Some quite well respected masters have the idea that one should lock the Qi inside by having clothing that is pulled in at the wrists and ankles! It is my own belief that this is rubbish, if anything you should allow your Qi to flow around your body on the outside as well as the inside. So the least amount of clothing the better and the least restrictive, the better, Let the air get on your skin, but do not allow the wind to blow on your skin. We can do Taijiquan in any weather bar wind. A slight cooling breeze in fine, snow is fine, rain and sun (not too much direct sun though). But keep out of the wind as it tends to scatter the Qi and your form will not feel good to do anyway.
Thursday, October 24, 1996
Being one who likes to know WHY, and to simply not take other peoples word for it wherever possible, I try to experiment with everything I do in order to have experienced it myself before teaching it to others.
The great healing benefits of Taijiquan have been talked and written about for centuries. And there HAS been research done on these benefits. However, it is usually done in an university where some Taiji teacher in teaching, using university students who really do not do Taijiquan that well. They usually on ly ever get to practice Taijiquan at its most basic level. So, for the most part, the benefits that have been written about are those that could have been gained by doing simple exercise to increase the depth of respiration etc. Which in itself is what most westerners need anyway and which is what basic Taijiquan will give you.
When it comes to actually healing disease states, very little has been done. Hence this paper.
I have an excellent ruler by which to judge the effects of Taijiquan on disease states. I am a sufferer of diabetes, something that we are told that about a quarter of the world’s population has! I have always maintained that it was my practice of Taijiquan that has stopped me from having to stick myself with needles daily but did not have proof positive until recently.
I decided to stop practicing Taijiquan for two months and note the difference if any to my health. I did not let on to any of my students so that I could also judge the effect if any upon them. I have always maintained that if the teacher has much Qi to give, then the class should be a happy one with everyone leaving the class uplifted. This could have been dangerous to my health but it had to be done. Two months down the track, it WAS dangerous and I have some positive results to tell about.
My diet was the same, basic vegetarian, no lactose. All I changed was my daily personal (not teaching others) practice of Taijiquan and all other forms including Baguazhang.
The Results Of Not Doing Taijiquan Daily.
In Chinese medicine, diabetes can either affect the upper, lower, or middle Qi areas of the body. In my case it is the lower area that is damaged, the legs.
After about one week, I noticed that I had some of the symptoms of diabetes coming back. Like urinating some times 6 times per night or on the hour even when I had not taken liquids before sleeping. After about two weeks, I began to feel really tired, especially after eating and at around 12 noon each day and had to take a nap.
After about four weeks, I noticed that my frame of mind was not as positive, I did not wish to write or to be creative and stopped playing musical instruments as I just didn’t have the will to do this. It was not so much the fact that I was simply tired from not having enough sleep from peeing so much during sleeping times, but the fact that I simply did not have the will any more. I have always been able to survive on very little sleep anyway. I would think about perhaps writing another chapter in my latest book, and think "nah". My guitars were gathering dust.
At this time also, I began to feel something strange, something that I had never felt before. My toes were beginning to have no feeling! Then, slowly, my toes began to lose colour and this began to move up my legs with tingling sensations down the sides of each thigh. The non feeling in my toes became so great that one day I dropped a pair of secateurs onto my left big toe and didn’t feel a thing, only the sensation of something bumping my foot. I have almost lost that toe nail, the bump was so hard.
One more week and I noticed that I had difficulty standing up, my legs were becoming weak.
All of this of course was because diabetes affects one’s blood flow, especially to the lower extremities. My Mother died of diabetes and when she knocked her leg or foot, she would have a gaping seeping sore there for sometimes years in the form of an ulcer. My lower extremities were not receiving enough blood for the muscles hence the numb feeling.
Occasionally, I would have great pain in the area of the lower back where the kidneys are situated and the underside of my eyes were getting even more black! I was born when my mother was 43 and so I had very little maternal Qi passed on to me. Most people who have old mothers when they were born have this kidney jing problem. Much better to have an old father and a young healthy mother.
But the most changes came with my personality, I was becoming irritable where the least little irritation would upset me, and more importantly, I noticed too that my classes were no longer sparkling, the students were no longer getting that ‘something else’ other than just movements, the Qi just was not there to give any more.
In a nutshell, all of the symptoms that were being kept at bay by the practice of Taijiquan when I was younger were now out with a vengeance. It was as if the disease was saying, "let’s get him now that he is not protected".
By the end of two months, I was in dire straits. (Not the band, although I wouldn’t mind!). Even my eyes were so bad that I could not take my glasses off at all even to see larger objects.
My lungs were also in trouble and I noticed that when I was not consciously thinking about my breathing, that it was very shallow, right up into the upper lungs. Even got a lung infection!
The Other Experimentation:
So I decided to add to my life slowly, some other alternative practices to see what effect they had. I tried herbs to help with the blood circulation, they did not work, perhaps because I did not give them enough time? I tried on ly doing qigong each morning and evening which helped a little. I tried exercise like walking and hard work which helped also a little but made me very tired.
My legs were so weak by this time, that when I started to do my Taijiquan form again, I only just got through the form once, and the next day my legs were so sore that I could hardly walk. I did this form after two months at a class of mine with the rest of the students and had to pretend that I was not in agony! After the form, I was a lather of perspiration.
I then embarked upon a rescue mission that was simply doing my Taijiquan form, alternating between old and new Yang styles each morning or each evening, only once per day.
The Results Of The Remedy:
The very instant that I finished my first run through on my own, my mind was back to normal, positive and back also with a vengeance. I was laughing, playing with the children again … and enjoying it! My music took a great leap forward with a couple of really good songs being written. (any producers reading this!??). I had that something in my life again, although physical circumstances had not changed at all. The Qi was coming back. Within one week of this continual practice, I noticed that my toes had feeling again, and I was not urinating so much at night. The pain in the kidneys left and my legs were strong again. Within two weeks I was back to my normal self again with no lung problems at all.
I have just finished telling my students about the fact that other things also went wrong while I was not performing Taijiquan, like our business was not doing too well, perhaps as a result of my own mind state? It’s OK now and getting back to a subsistence level again.
OK, it may just be the power of my mind changing things, but if it works, then it works. BY the way I have just completed an opus (in music) that I am very pleased with. Music is my first love, well actually my family is my first love, then music and then Taijiquan. But the music does not go well without the Taijiquan.
I have been criticised mildly for my lack of scientific (University) research in the above matters. "Just because it works with me, it doesn’t necessarily mean that it will work with others" and "We must not give other sufferers of disease, false hope"!
False Hope! ANY hope is good! Just because there is no Western Scientific answers to a medical problem, that does not mean that there is no hope for you.
Let me tell you a story of great positive hope.
A man called Ian Galler here in Australia was diagnosed, I think around fifteen years ago, (could be longer) as having a particularly nasty bone cancer where-by bone literally grew all over his body. I have seen the photos of his chest with great lumps of bone growing out. He had already had one leg off as this was the only cure that western science could offer, when he heard of a man called Dr Ainsley Meers. (Spelling could be correct for those who care). Ainsley Meers did not believe western science when they told him that disease could not be cured by other means, neither did Ian Galler who was given at that time 6 months (or something like that) to live. He did not listen when people told him that he should not build up false hope! So he went to see this man, and using a method not unlike the mind attitude that we work to in Taijiquan, he is still alive and teaching his method to others who also do not believe it when others tell them that they should not believe in ‘false hope’.
This method cannot be proven scientifically, it was just the belief of one man and now thousands of others who have been helped by this method when western science had given up.
So, I will go on giving people "Hope" which is NOT false hope", in fact, there is no such thing as ‘false hope’, hope by its definition can only be positive hope.
SO, anyone out there who DOES suffer from diseases such as diabetes, please BELIEVE that your Taijiquan Can help you, and it will.
Even such a simple thing as the way that Taijiquan can change the way you think and bring you back to a mo0re positive balanced attitude both internally and externally will begin the healing process of your own body. No-one can heal us, really, only WE can help ourselves, but sometimes it helps to have advice from someone who has been through it or who simply knows and can give good positive HOPE.
And if that is not enough, I am really happy today as I have just this minute heard from a friend and student Stuart Lam. Stuey had a mental disease and without going into graphic detail, he was in a bad way. The only help that western medicine could afford him was to send him to a mental hospital and fill him with drugs! So, we embarked upon a way of balancing this young man, using Qi balancing methods along with a few needles (acupuncture from Wally Simpson) and some love and positive hope, we also had a talks with his parents. Well, I have just heard from Stuey after some time not having heard from him and he has informed me that he is ‘almost’ a high school teacher! He got well and went University where he has almost graduated!
I think I’ll go and do some practice now, I feel so positive! And that’s not false hope, it’s positive hope.
On another note, those electric toothbrushes! Throw them out! They do damage to your eyes. I discovered this by accident. I was brushing my teeth one morning with my hi-tech whirly-jig Braun very expensive toothbrush, when, while still brushing I ventured into my computer room. The computer was on and as I gazed at the screen, I noticed that the screen was doing a wobbly! It was going very strange, like waves across the screen. I stopped brushing and the waves stopped! I called my son Ben in to see this phenomenon and he could not se the waves at all! Then I called other members of my family to see this and they could not see the waves either! I Then turned the toothbrush on while not actually in my mouth and nothing happened to the screen. I then asked Ben to have a go, and sure enough HE saw the waves on the screen but I could not.
So we have worked out that contact with the toothbrush on certain teeth in particular causes the nerves to the eye to be affected, caused I should imagine by the magnetic flux created by the action of the electric motor in the tooth brush. I immediately threw this piece of modern technology out. They are great at cleaning your teeth, and I have no proof that they damage your eyes, but I should imagine that it cannot be too good for one’s eyes either.
Research Paper No. Four:Balance:
From The Erle Montaigue Research Institute
Balance is the singularly most important aspect of your Taijiquan training. Once you have established ‘balance’ and more importantly, understood it, your training will do for you what it is supposed to do.
It’s difficult getting out of the habit of thinking of each posture as a set of movements, where we have a place and a time to put our hands, a place and time to put our feet, legs waist, head and so on. We tend to think of each posture in the way that we learnt it, even though we may have been practicing for 30 years or more. Herein lies the danger in teaching Taijiquan the way that we do, in bits. But nowadays, we who have not the time to be full time training, following the master each day, learning the form as a whole identity, just doing it rather than learning postures, have no other way. We must learn Taijiquan in bits. So it is important that we have some way of getting to they way that we would have learnt Taijiquan internally, had we learnt it in the classical way. Well, there isn’t, hence this paper.
Taijiquan is balance itself. Think of the whole form as balance. Imagine that your tantien point, (about 3 inches below the navel near CV 4), as being a pivotal point around which everything else is pivoting. Each portion of your body is equally weighted (Qi wise), and when a yang part moves one way, a yin part moves in the reciprocal. No longer think of the movements as separate movements, think of each posture as a whole where the whole body moves as a unit, the feet moving in perfect harmony with the hands, while the knees move in perfect harmony with the elbows, the hips are in harmony with the shoulders and the top of the head moves in perfect harmony with tantien and the movement originates with the waist.
It has always been said (in the classics) that the waist is the ruler. All movement comes from the waist, whether that be a hand movement or a step. You must get into the good habit of causing each movement to come from the waist, make the waist cause each movement. This will seem awkward at first, and you will only be able to manage large movements. But as you progress in this way of training, you will notice the movements becoming smaller and smaller and smaller until there is no movement at all. The waist will cause the movement from within.
The first area to look at is that of the feet and hands. These two are those that we have to get into complete balance before the rest of the body’s pairs, will fall into balance.
Firstly, make sure that when you are changing weight (moving from the rear foot to the front and visa-versa), that there is always a corresponding hand movement. This rule can never be broken. Needless to say that this corresponding hand movement must be a changing movement. I.e.., it must be either changing from yang to yin for the whole stroke of the weight change or it must be changing from yin to yang for the whole stroke of the weight change. I have seen, even masters who have been practicing for 40 years make the big mistake of doing dead movements where the palm is made to be a yang hand before the movement even begins! For instance, should you be performing the posture of brush knee twist step and you have your right palm ready to do the strike forward, it should be a yin shape (limp) not a yang shape (flexed). If it is a yang shape, then you have already done the movement (Qi wise) and have no reason to do this movement because you have already used the yang Qi that is held in the yin shaped palm. The same applies for the reciprocal.
So, your palms and your feet must move in balance, in fact, take a look at your form and if there is ever a time when you are moving your feet and your palm(s) are not moving, and more importantly, moving from yin to yang or visa versa, then you should adjust this so that they are. The same applies to when you are lifting your foot, as in the posture of lift hands, or play the guitar. At the very instant your foot leaves the ground, there should be an empty feeling in your palm which should then emulate the exact movement that your foot is doing.
There is a beginning, a middle and an ending bit to all of the postures. This is very important to know when one is just beginning to understand movement and energy. Once we have learnt the Taiji form at its basic level, we progress to other levels until eventually, we arrive at an internal movement that is in complete harmony with the external movement. This is impossible when we are first learning the form. This will cause your external movements to become very small. (like the internal movement of Qi). We learn the yin/yang or opening and closing way of performing the form where we close down on a final yang (or attacking) movement and open up on a yin (or receiving) movement. This will be evident in the form of a large (in the beginning only) and then a small shake of the waist and shoulders. Many people ask me why they do not see these movements when I perform the form any more. I teach them the open/closed form and then do not do it myself! The fact is, that I am doing the open closed movements, only now they have become internal and no longer actually show externally, only a very well trained eye will see these internal movements that only slightly show externally. This is because the points of change between yin and yang and yang and yin (the shakes) have become empty. This is the beginning or end of each movement. You should actually feel this emptiness at the end of each move and just before you begin the next move. So that the empty movements are both yin and yang and change into each other depending upon what part of the movement you are doing. So for instance, if you are doing the posture of slant flying where there is normally a yin/yang shake (opening and closing) movement at the end and just before you go into the next posture, this shake will become an empty movement and will not show hardly at all physically. It’s like as if your whole body is a sine wave, and when it changes from the upper part to the lower part (under the centre line), there is an empty movement that is not expressed physically. And this will also happen when the sine way moves from both of its peaks either yin or yang. Now here’s the rub, this will only ever manifest if you are doing the form correctly by making all movements come from the backbone (waist). So we have a beginning (empty), a middle (working), and an end (empty). It’s really difficult to try and express this phenomenon in writing so I will also put out a video tape on this subject as it’s much easier to express physically.
Balancing the feet and hands.
The balancing begins at the very first movement. Eventually, everything you do will be in a state of balance both externally and internally. This will in turn lead to an increase of your total power, also both internally and externally. You will have more physical power as well as a more subtle and greater power that comes from within. You can then use this power to change your circumstances for instance.
Research Paper number Five
I learnt long ago to write everything down after practice. I would experience certain things that I would wish to teach to others so that they too would gain what I have experienced. But I soon found that if I waited too long, it would be lost into my internal network. It has been my experience that we only need experience things physically and consciously once, then it is gone, and the feelings that you have directly after practice, will never return physically again as you only need experience them once. They happen of course, but you do not actually recognise it physically. So much of what follows and in all of my research papers has come from these experiences of form practice at a high level, and from my writing them down immediately after practice.
We all know that we have meridians or channels through the body through which flows Qi or energy keeping the body alive and strong. Until I knew about the other flows of Qi throughout the body, I always wondered what happens to the rest of the body where there are no channels?
There are eight major areas of Qi flow in the body. And we must address all of these flows in order to maintain a balanced healthy body and mind. There are other flows of Qi of course, but is these eight main flows that we are concerned with when practicing Taijiquan.
When we are first born, all Qi flows are healthy and strong but as we grow, human tension and especially twentieth century living tends to cause these flows to be impeded causing physical disease, mental disease and diseases that are caused by not having a strong enough connection with the spirit.
Although all of the different streams of Qi throughout the body are connected and all together will help to maintain ‘health’, each individual flow of Qi has a specific job to do.
The Twelve Main Meridian Flow:
Most of us know about the Qi that flows through the 12 main meridians. This is the Qi that will maintain a healthy body by keeping the internal organs healthy. The flow through these meridians is activated each two hours in a different part of the meridian. Depending up which organ that part of the flow represents, it is given the name of that organ, so we have the ‘heart’ meridian or the ‘liver’ meridian etc. But it is all one flow of Qi, at certain times of the day, the Qi is simply ‘activated’ at the correct area of flow, so the Qi is ‘activated’ in the heart meridian between the hours of 11 a.m. and 1 p.m., and so on throughout the whole of this meridian system.
The Eight Extra Meridian Flow:
The eight extra meridians, the Qi flow of which (notice that I have not said Qi flows, as there is only one flow of Qi throughout the different channel systems, it’s just that at different times the Qi is ‘activated’ at different parts of that flow at different times of the day. The flow in the 8 extra meridians is active at all times. This is why these meridians are so important for good health. Many people dismiss these channels, concentrating only upon the main 12 channels. Balance is the singularly most important aspect of a healthy body mind and spirit and it is the job of these 8 extra meridians to keep all three areas in a state of balance. These meridians bind the other 12 meridians, keeping them taught or relaxed as the situation arises. I like to liken these meridians to the carotid sinus which keeps the blood pressure at a constant level, so too do the 8 extra meridians keep the other meridians at a constant ‘level’.
The Body/Spirit Flow:
The ‘Body/Spirit’ flow is one of the most important flows of Qi in that this is where we keep the ‘spirit’ of each organ healthy. That esoteric part other than simply muscle and tissue etc., that keeps the organ alive, I guess you could call it the "God" aspect of the organs. This flow travels through the whole body from ground to fingertips. It flows in from K 1 (ground) and upwards through the thighs, the whole torso (there is no direct channel) and then joins the six main meridians of the hand (yin and yang) at either the upper chest or at the shoulders and flows directly out of the finger tips, and presumably joins with ‘God’? Hence the tingling sensation I the finger tips when one practices Taijiquan for instance. There is also a branch of this Qi travel that goes from CV 1 straight up the backbone and out of the top of the head. This flow is continuous, but can be impeded by tension in particular, not having enough sleep, over work etc.
You must not wear any electricity impeding shoes especially during this way of practice. Bare feet is best. You will also notice that they form itself will speed up during the middle bits and slow down beginning and end, this is the natural flow of yin and yang. I believe it is better that people find out where their particular parts of the form begin to speed up and slow down rather than my trying to tell you.
Your tongue will feel particularly strange like as if it is empty at point of contact with your upper palate. Your hands must not touch any part of your body even in the postures where you must place your ‘fist’ onto the side of your thigh.
This form is also particularly good for enhancing the flow of Qi through the internal organs because of the extra flow out of the finger tips, which should feel damp at the finish of practice, even to the point of dripping.
It’s very difficult to explain the feeling one gets from this way of practice, it is sort of like ‘not being there’, or as one of my teachers said "being awake but asleep".
The Practical Flow:
Another flow is called ‘the practical’ or ‘working’ (doing work) flow of Qi. This flow begins directly at the tantien and flows upwards and joins the PC meridian to leave the body at PC 8 (Laogung). This flow of Qi can be exhausted and must be continually replaced in the tantien. This flow is the Qi that we use for ‘work’, like when we are healing someone and we wish to transfer Qi into someone else to help their ailing Qi supply, it comes from PC 8. Or when we wish to hurt someone, as in self defence using the martial arts, the ‘adverse’ Qi comes from PC 8 into the attacker, thus damaging his internal Qi flow. Things like qigong will help to replenish this store of Qi. It is also replenished during sleep and only requires around two hours of ‘good’ sleep to do this, but sadly more and more westerners in particular are only receiving mediocre sleep. And when we only get mediocre (quality) sleep, we need more and more of it. A person who receives good quality regenerating sleep, only needs two hours of it each night, the rest is only there to rest the muscles and joints etc.
The Wei Qi Flow:
The Wei Qi, is a flow of Qi that travels the surface of the body keeping it clear of external pathogens that will invade the body causing disease. This flow, like the 12 main meridian flow, can also be termed as a physical affecting flow. Many believe that this flow is there purely as a result of the magnetic fields set up my the 12 main meridian flow which is the strongest flow of Qi, hence its causing many magnetic fields from the flux it creates.
The Fa-Jing Flow:
The Fa-Jing flow of Qi can also be regarded as a flow, although it only flows explosively when needed. I liken this flow to that of a steam iron where you have that little button that delivers a ‘shot of steam’. The other flows of Qi are happily flowing around through and from the tantien (the water container), then you press the button delivering an explosive shot of steam. This ‘flow’ comes directly from the tantien and is then drawn back into the body, provided that the correct method of fa-jing is used. One can deplete one’s body of main Qi if the fa-jing is not done correctly so that it not only goes out, but also comes back in. This has to do with ‘full and empty’ when one practices for instance one’s ‘Old Yang’ Taijiquan. When we use fa-jing Qi in a self defence situation, in order not to become tired ourselves, we must also take back the Qi that is sent out into the attacker’s body, so that we are continually rejuvenated by not only our own Qi but also that of the attacker. In other words, we ‘rob’ the attacker of Qi making use of it for ourselves. We use "one lot" of Qi for many different types of attack, we do not stop the flow of Qi after the first attack, then build up another lot of Qi for the next attack etc., But rather we take one big lot of fa-jing Qi and ‘throw’ it into the attacker, this Qi does its work in adversely affecting the attacker’s Qi, then comes back to us bringing with it some of his yang Qi, the Qi that he has used to attack us, but now it is ‘softened’ by our own Qi. So we can use this Qi to build up our own reserves of fa-jing Qi for further attack.
This flow of Qi runs from the front of the head to the back on the centre line and is different to the GV meridian part of the flow. This flow of Qi is responsible for either waking us up or putting us to sleep. In the martial arts we can use this flow, disrupting it by stroking it in the opposite direction when a person is awake, in order to upset their awaking Qi, thus in effect putting them to sleep. Practicing your Taijiquan forms does not affect this flow in any way no matter how you do the form.
Life Force Qi Flow
This is a flow of sorts that never changes. It is situated in the tantien area and can be larger or smaller at given times. It’s like a ball around which Qi flows in all different directions. From this, lines of Qi are sent out automatically to all parts of the body especially when the body needs some extra help. As we grow older and we ‘dip’ into this pot of Qi, it becomes depleted and we die. There are many practices that advocate the replenishing of this Qi, but one would have to be a saint in order to do this. It is my belief that this is a natural occurrence and the cause of our dying of ‘old age’. We can prolong life to a certain degree by practicing things like Taijiquan, yoga, meditation etc., but to prolong life indefinitely I believe is impossible. But, .. I’m open to suggestion on this.
Enhancing The Different Flows Using Taijiquan:
Please note: All of the above Qi flows can be enhanced or kept at their maximum by practicing the different ways that we practice either the New Yang Style Taijiquan (Yang Cheng-fu) or the Old Yang Style (Yang Lu-ch’an). However, it is only the Yang Lu-ch’an’s form in which we are able to enhance the fa-jing flow.
All of the ways that we perform our Taijiquan will enhance all of the eight flows of Qi to a certain degree (other than the fa-jing flow), hence the fact that all Taijiquan is good for your health. But certain ways of performing our Taijiquan will work better than other ways in enhancing certain flows of Qi. So I will present those different ways of performing the Taijiquan form that will greatly enhance certain flows.
To Enhance The Body/Spirit Flow:
This is one of the major flows of Qi and can he enhanced by performing Taijiquan in the "hands not moving" way. This involves never closing your palms (as in a fist), leaving your palms open at all times during practice. This must of course only be performed once one has become sufficiently advanced at Taijiquan. In the beginning we must close the fist and bring the fingers together for instance in "single whip". This form is performed at the medium pace or even a little quicker, however, this is not important as it can also be done quite slowly. The hands never touch, even in postures such as "grasp swallow’s tail" they just brush by each other not quite touching. A fist is never made, nor are the fingers brought together for single whip. The palms hardly move at all, even in movements where there is presumably a palm strike, the wrist stays in line with the arm in the shape of "the beautiful hand", or "tile palm hand".
Practicing in this way you will feel the most that you will feel during practice. Your fingers will be tingling at the end and your whole body will feel enervated.
You can also bring in to this practice the "Backbone Shaking Method". I have experimented with this and although I was never taught to do it Yang Cheng-fu’s form, it works quite well here. It is also important to hold the ‘qua’ open a little more than normal, so the arm pits are held open.
You must feel the ‘full and empty’ parts of each posture and be in a total state of balance with each part of each movement in its correct place and in harmony with the body parts balance. I.e.., head and tantien, knees and elbows, hips and shoulders, hands and feet. These are the ‘eight things’ that must be in perfect balance in all Taijiquan practice.
Enhancing The Fa-Jing Flow:
To enable one to use fa-jing we simply perform the Yang Lu-ch’an’s form at one of its more advanced levels. All levels will enhance fa-jing, however, the upper levels of this form do more in developing fa-jing than the beginner’s forms. You can also perform the Pauchui form at its normal or advanced levels provided that you do fa-jing movements during this practice.
Enhancing The 12 Main Meridian Flow:
This flow is enhanced no matter what type of Taijiquan you are doing provided that it is correct of course. This flow is basic to life and health of the main internal organs. You must be doing Taijiquan with balanced movements and be sticking to the premise that all body parts must begin and end at the same time and where there is no weight change, there is no movement etc. No double weighted movements in hand or foot, no palms arriving at exactly the same time (at their point of attack).
Enhancing the Eight Extra Flow:
This flow is enhanced no matter what Taijiquan way you are performing. However, this flow is enhanced by really concentrating upon sinking your Qi into the ground. This will happen sub-consciously anyway, but make an even greater effort to do this and you will find something different happening.
You will, as I have done, learn more and more about your Taijiquan and the different ways to perform it as you practice more. It will become so that you will have to rush back from practice and write it all down so that you do not forget what you have experienced each day. You will go through each different way of performing Taijiquan naturally when you are ready, then as you progress you will find that all the different ways will melt into each other so that all of the different internal Qi flows are enhanced simply by doing your Taijiquan. It is my belief that you must however, experience and feel the different ways and their effects before this ‘total’ form is able to be practiced. You will even come to the point where you are able to also enhance the fa-jing flow by not doing physical fa-jing, but rather have it happen internally. This is the kind of Qi transference that we look for when healing, it is fa-jing, but on a healing
(Taken from the forthcoming book by Erle Montaigue and Wally Simpson called "The Montaigue Encyclopaedia Of Dim-Mak". Soon to be published by Paladin Press in the USA March 1997.
The old ST 9 knock out. It’s still being done on people by irresponsible people to show off, to show how good they are etc. So I thought that it would be time, again to write about some of the aspects of this intriguing neck strike.
When some martial artists began to show how sensitive ST 9 was some ten or 12 years back, medical personnel were horrified that martial artists would strike anyone in the neck at ST 9 in demonstration. Back then, I was one of the only people to write of the dangers of striking to this point and my opinion has not changed one bit. It is still just as sensitive and just as dangerous. Death can occur several years later from stroke caused by the disintegration of the internal lining of the carotid artery. The heart may not start again when ST 9 is struck.
Back then, no-one even knew what this point was called, they just knew that a strike to the side of the neck caused a knock out easily. I have seen articles written as far back as 1946 in Strength and Health magazine about a strike to just under the jaw on the neck which was not very hard and which knocked out a very famous strong man back then. Not many, if any, knew why this strange phenomenon occurred. The internal martial arts, when taught to their fullest taught us that a strike to this area was to an acupuncture point called ‘Stomach 9’. Just under which was the "carotid sinus", a handy little thing which when struck or in the presence of high blood pressure would cause the heart to either slow down or to stop completely. As more and more martial artists got onto this little number, more and more would show off at demonstrations by knocking out the largest, most decorated (as in karate gi’s and badges etc.) man in the room with ease. Not one of these people however, would ever show this strike in a realistic situation where the attacker was actually trying to get him!
Some even had for instance, large grapplers sit on them on the floor and then a quick strike to the neck and the grappler would release the hold etc.
Now it is 1996 almost and there are a whole new brigade of sitting duck, neck strikers, all showing how good they are at knocking sitting ducks out!
It has been my goal to inform martial artists that they must firstly have the ability to fight, before they can use any type of point striking, and I don’t just mean tournaments. You can be the holder of hundreds of titles in the ring and still not know how to fight! We now see martial artists who have been practicing a very basic martial art for fifteen years, being graded to 8th dan and master grades after having learnt some of these strikes in a couple of years. After having practiced their own martial art for fifteen or so years at a very basic level, they then take a quantum leap in expertise by learning a couple of neck strikes. They still can’t move! But they are now 8th dan! Still can’t defend themselves.
Dim-mak, i.e., the whole martial art, takes 3 lifetimes we are told! That’s how complicated it is. So now I will revise the ST 9 point strike in the hope that martial artists will not be so in awe of a so called master who knocks them out in a demonstration or workshop or seminar. My advise to you all is DO NOT ALLOW ANYONE TO STRIKE YOU IN THE NECK ANYWHERE!
ST 9 is one of the major Dim-Mak points. It is easy to get to, its effect is devastating raging from knock out for a light blow to death for a heavy blow.
St 9 is situated right over the carotid sinus. The carotid sinus is a baroreceptor whose job it is to detect an increase in blood pressure. When it detects this increase, it sends s signal via the vagus nerve of which it is a part, to the vasomotorcentre of the brain, which initiates a vasodilatation, and slowing of the heart rate to lower the blood pressure to normal.
A widening or distension of blood vessels, particularly, arterioles, usually caused by nerve impulses ( as in the case of a strike to ST 9) or certain drugs that relax smooth muscle in the walls of the blood vessel.
A collection of cell bodies in the medulla oblongata of the brain that regulates or modulates blood pressure and cardiac function primarily via the autonomic nervous system.
The carotid sinus is a pocket in the wall of the carotid artery at its division in the neck.
Other people have knocked themselves out when they have turned their head suddenly because of a hypersensitive carotid sinus.
Carotid Sinus Reflex:
The martial artist is concerned with a phenomenon called the carotid sinus reflex, the decrease of the heart rate as a reflex reaction from pressure on or within the carotid artery at the level of its bifurcation. This reflex starts in the sinus of the internal carotid artery.
Carotid Sinus Syndrome:
It is a temporary loss of consciousness that sometimes accompanies convulsive seizures because of the intensity of the carotid sinus reflex when pressure builds up in one or both carotid sinuses. (Or from a strike). This syndrome can be caused to activate artificially by striking to the area of the carotid sinus, ST 9.
I have done extensive research on the carotid sinus, seeking out the most knowledgeable people in the world. I wanted to know exactly why a person would black out when even sometimes only stroked in this area. Other people have knocked themselves out when they have turned their head suddenly because of a hypersensitive carotid sinus. In striking to ST 9, we fool the brain into believing that deadly high blood pressure is present, and in many cases, high blood pressure ispresent when struck in this area because of the carotid artery being pinched.
My research told me that this was not a point to be played around with as many people were doing at that particular time. Some people discovered that they could affect en easy knock out by striking to this part of the neck, however, none knew why the KO occurred. Nor did they know the dangers of such strikes, usually done to show what good martial artists they were, purely for ego. I wrote an article back in about 1987 showing the dangers of such strikes and exactly why the KO occurred, the first such article, I believe, that showed the medical implications of such a strike. It was my research in fact that introduced the martial arts community to the fact that this point was in fact ST 9. Nowadays, everyone uses the name of ST 9 to indicate the knock out strike to the neck. Since then, martial artists have been a little more careful when executing these knock outs. But the knock outs should never be done just to show off, they should only ever be used in a self defence situation as the dangers are great. For instance, a recipient can die several years later from stroke by the internal wall of the carotid artery slowly disintegrating, hence the delayed death touch phenomenon. The martial artist is able to use a very normal and known about medical procedure for his or her advantage. Many doctors will perform the procedure of tweaking the carotid sinus using the finger tips in order to bring the blood pressure down. However, this procedure is only done if the patient is about to die from high blood pressure! It is a very dangerous procedure!
One of my students in Argentina is also a ‘Master Surgeon’. He and his team were performing an operation on the carotid sinus to remove a tumour! However, when they even so much as touched the sinus, because of the tumour, the heart rate dropped dramatically, which was seen on the heart monitor. So they were in a dilemma about how to operate without killing the patient. This just shows the sensitivity that the carotid sinus has.
This point also has an affect upon emotional energy and in the long run will cause the recipient to have a ‘detached’ feeling or floating, a disconnection between head and body.
Set Up Point:
There are really only three set up points for ST 9. The first one is Neigwan or PC 6. I have experimented, under control situations, and have found that the ST 9 shot works anywhere, any time, however, by using the set up of neigwan, the knock out is affected using much less pressure. PC 6 must be struck either straight in wards or with a slightly towards you direction. In fact, many researchers are now finding reasons in their karate katas for instance for certain movements that were hitherto seen to be silly or to have no reason.
The other set up points are LU 8 and HT 5. These are usually activated by grabbing the wrist and jerking violently thus draining Qi from the body.
The antidote to a ST 9 shot is to squeeze GB 20 in back of the skull upwards into the head which will bring Yang Qi back into the head. If of course the recipient has been knocked out and the heart has not recovered, then you must use CPR and failing that, you must use one of the heart starting methods already shown in the book.
1/. There are just so many ways to access ST 9 so here is one of the best. He attacks with a right hook, swivel on your heels and strike his right neigwan point in a direction that is away from him, a split second later, your right knife edge will cut into ST 9 point in the correct direction towards the backbone. Done correctly this will cause death! Done lightly will cause knock out.
2/. From Taijiquan we have "The Mother Applications" from the set called "Small San-Sau". These are some of the most deadly self defence methods ever invented and mostly aim at the neck. Each of these applications takes only a split second to execute, although it might seem complicated when reading about it.
From the above method (No. 1) which is the first movement in the Small San-Sau, we then go on to do the "Mother Application" of that application. The mother applications should never be brought into the small san-sau, they should be performed as separate methods. Each Mother Application has three parts to it with each part flowing quickly into the next.
Turn your waist to your right slightly (loading it) and then back to your left violently to strike him at a point called CV 22 (pit of the neck, a death point) with your right elbow. Your right palm now slams into the side of his neck at SI 16.
Your right palm now slips around his neck. Notice that the palm is flexed backwards to stop him from escaping using a simply head lock breakout. Your left palm now applies pressure to the other side of his neck at ST 9 thus causing a KO by the action on the ST 9 point.
The Gall Bladder Meridian
Most books on acupuncture begin with the lung meridian and then proceed with the natural progression through each meridian in turn going by the body time clock. However, as this is a book on dim-mak, I will not adhere to this regime.
As this is a book on Dim-Mak, only a skeleton view of the healing aspects will be discussed, just enough for the martial artist to get a better overview of what dim-mak and dim-mak healing is all about. The definitive book on acupuncture location and point dynamics is by Carole and Cameron Rogers "Point Location And Point Dynamics Manual" Write to us at MTG Publishing for a current price list and availability. POB 792, Murwillumbah NSW 2484 Australia. Fax: 61-66-797028. (Changes to 61-(0)2-66797028 August 1997)
NB// The diagrams showing all of the points will be located at the end of each particular chapter. So the stomach points (ST) will be shown at the end of the stomach points chapter etc. I will be mentioning many different points other than those of the particular chapter, so look up the chapter on that point to locate it.
Chinese Name: This section gives an inkling as to what the point is all about, and to its location. Although sometimes the meaning of the Chinese name when translated into English is somewhat lost in the translation.
Location: This section will give a definite location of the point. The points are only the size of a pen end, but will activate when struck anywhere around the point for a distance the size of a large coin. Usually, I will give as the attacking weapon, a larger weapon so that accuracy is not a problem. However, sometimes, there is just no way around this as some of the points require great accuracy, struck with smaller weapons such as a one knuckle punch. When there is a definite anatomical location, we will also give that location as a more precise way of locating the points.
Direction Of Strike: This section will show the direction for the strikes. Some points only have one direction eg., straight inwards. Other points have several directions of striking, causing different effects.
Connections: This section gives some idea as to the damage that the strikes can do, by indicating the other connections to other meridians that the points have. It also gives an indication as to the other healing benefits the point might give.
Damage: This section deals with the type of damage done when the points are struck. From a light to moderate strike to a heavy strike, the effect will in most cases be quite different.
Set Up Point: Most of the major points ‘set up’ points. Those points which when struck a split second before the major point is struck, will cause an enhanced effect of the strike. There are ‘utility’ set up points, those which will usually set up most of the major points, and then there are specific set up points, those that are specific to any particular major striking point. The set up points usually either drain energy or add to the energy depending upon what you are trying to do. For instance, GB 14 when struck in a downward way, causes great Qi drainage, so the set up shot to PC 6 also has to be in an adverse Qi flow direction. But if the strike to GB 14 is in an upward way, then the set up strike must also be in a positive Qi flow direction to add Qi to the point, which sort of causes an explosion usually in the head, like a balloon being pumped up to exploding point.
Antidote: Not all of the points have antidote points. Some points are just so dangerous that there is no way of revival. Others have antidote points, points that one uses to reverse the effect of the initial strike. Sometimes we use ‘utility antidotes’ such as GB 20 squeezing inwards and upwards into the head on both sides of the neck. Sometimes the major points strike will have its own specific antidote point to use.
Healing: Wally Simpson will be giving some of the healing benefits of each of the major points. This section will be geared to the novice as it would take up a whole new set of encyclopaedias to write the healing benefits of each point. Ways that a non acupuncturist is able to affect a healing for instance for headache using finger or palm pressure etc. This enhances the whole idea of dim-mak, as the most advanced area of dim-mak is the healing area. Wally will also however, include some point combinations aimed at the more experienced acupuncturist or student of acupuncture. In order to understand these combinations fully, one will have to be versed in acupuncture.
Applications: Here I will be giving one or two applications that one is able to use to get at the points. I will try and keep them simply, although sometimes I will include some of the more complicated methods for interest sake. The martial arts practitioner will of course be able to work out using his or her own katas, methods to strike to the points. My ways are just as a guide as to how these points should be struck.
Electrical or Physiological Strikes:
Every dim-mak point has an electrical property. I.e.., one must be so trained that he or she is able to affect the Qi or energy of that point sufficiently to cause an adverse (as in fighting) or positive (as in healing) effect to the body’s Qi system. This can either be a drainage point, a filling point or a stopping point as in death. Physiological points are those that are simply in the vicinity of an important organ which when struck will have the obvious effect upon that organ. Like for instance a strike to a point that is directly over the top of an important nerve or sinus in the body which will cause adverse physiological things to happen to the body. The section called "Damage" will indicate whether the point is also a physiological strike, as all points are electrical strikes. It takes only a few minutes to master the physiological strikes such as to ST 9 when the carotid sinus is activated to bring down the heart rate dramatically enough to cause KO These are the strikes that most people nowadays are well versed in. the electrical strikes however, take a little more training and are much more sophisticated in application.
There are obviously many applications that can be used to get at all of the points shown in this book. I will be giving one or two of the best and easiest methods to get at the points, methods that most people, regardless of experience will be able to understand and use. These applications will come from my own martial arts systems of "Taijiquan", "Baguazhang" "Dim-Mak" and "Combat Grappling". Other martial artists reading this book will be able to substitute my applications if they wish with those from their own katas or systems.
Each dim-mak point will be presented showing the martial arts or dim-mak area, an application, and the healing area.
Most of the GB points work fine on their own using only the ‘set up’ point to assist the effect. However, when necessary, I will also include a secondary and tertiary point which can be used in conjunction with the major point. The points on the head, usually only need the set up point, but occasionally some other points will greatly enhance the effect such as Points PC 6, TH 12 and LU 7 used with GB 5.
The gall bladder meridian is the second longest meridian and has the most useable points that are used for dim-mak. Those points are relatively easy to get at and all will cause a knock out when struck in the correct direction and with the correct pressure.
The gallbladder stores and concentrates bile which is used to break down animal fats taken in as food. Bile is produced in diluted form in the liver and is able to secrete bile directly into the system, but the bile is not really strong enough. So the gall bladder’s job is to concentrate the bile into a more useable form. The gall bladder is located on the underside of the liver. Bile is made up of bile salts, and bile pigment, & cholesterol. Western medicine tells us that the GB is not critical for life, but Chinese medicine has a different story. And knowing several people who have had the GB removed, I know that it is important for the Qi flow in the body and that quality of life usually diminishes after the GB has been removed.
The gall bladder meridian is ‘Yang’ in nature and has a ‘wood’ element in Chinese element theory. It is the ‘other half’ of the ‘wood’ meridian pair with the liver meridian being the Yin half.
The gall bladder is said to be the ‘controller of judgements’. In years gone by, the meridians were likened to a human society with each meridian having a role to play, like any normal human being within a society. The liver makes the bile, but it is the job of the gall bladder to store and judge when to release it. On a different level, the gall bladder has the ability to help the individual with the capacity to confer judgement and to make decisions etc. Hence the old saying, "he has a lot of gall", or "he lacks gall".
So, when we attack this meridian, we are indeed attacking a most deadly meridian as it has much to do with the internal workings, mind and spiritual workings of the body.
GB 1 (Gall Bladder Point No. 1)
Tonqziliao, or Bone Of The Eye.
.5 cun lateral to the outer edge of the canthus of the eye. (Diagram No. 1 at the end of this chapter).
Anatomy: The point is in the orbicularis muscle. The nerves in the region include the zygomaticofacial, zygomaticotemporal and the temporal and frontal branches or the facial nerve.
Small intestine and Triple Heater meridians.
Direction Of Strike:
This point is usually struck with a one knuckle punch or with the tips of the fingers in a direction that is travelling from the rear of the head to the front, past the eye. The one knuckle or the tips of the fingers will slice into the small hollow where the point is located at the corner of the eye.
Struck on its own, this point will give extreme nausea, loss of memory, possible death. It is very dangerous, even with light strikes. Depending upon the strike used, you can of course give damage to the eyes as well.
Set Up Point:
The attacker’s arm is violently rubbed/struck, from his elbow down to his wrist on the outside of his forearm. (See the following application.)
Gently rub GB 1 backwards towards the ear. Or, Press GV 26, just under the nose (See diagram at the end of the "Governor Vessel" Chapter), upwards and back towards the head. If you are going to use C.P.R. it is best to apply the antidotes first.
For headaches, hold both GB 1 points using your finger tips. (Photo No. 8). Or you can rotate your finger tips in a clockwise direction on both sides, i.e.., make a circle as if the circle is moving away from you, for "xu deficient" conditions (see healing introduction for this condition). Or make a counter clockwise circle on the point, i.e.., the circle moves towards you as if it were a wheel, for "shi, excess" conditions. (See introduction on healing).
You may also palpate the area with light pressure. When you are holding the points, the patient should feel some light pain at the area of the point. It is said of this point and the pressure used, that you should use the same pressure as one can stand on the eyeball. I have found however, that a little harder than this works better.
You can also wipe out from GB 1 towards GB 3. GB 3 is the temple. (See diagram at the end of this chapter for GB 3).
This point is used for, headache, ophthalmalgia, failing vision, night blindness, atrophy of the optic nerve, redness of the eye and lacrimation, keratitis.
Traditional uses include: Glaucoma, membrane over the eye, excessive tearing, sore throat. This point is used to eliminate "wind heat", dispel "fire" and brighten the eyes.
GB 1 is a point of intersection of the SI and TH channels with the GB channel. The LIV and TH divergent channels also meet here, so it can be used to cause an effect on general Qi flow throughout the body via the liver divergent channel.
1/. The opponent attacks with a left straight punch. You should swing your both arms out to your right, making contact with his left forearm with your left palm as your right finger tips slice into his GB 1 point. Both of your palms are moving in the correct direction, i.e.., your left palm is moving down his left forearm from elbow to palm for the set up, while your right fingers are striking from the back of his head to the front direction. (Photo No. 9).
2/. The opponent attacks with a right straight. You step to your left while parrying and setting up his right forearm. (Photo No. 10). Instantly, your right one knuckle punch moves in a clockwise direction to strike his GB 1 point from rear to front. (Photo No. 11).
Tinghui, or Confluence Of Hearing.
In front of the intertragic notch, directly below "Tinggong" (SI 19, see diagram at and of SI chapter), at the posterior border of the condyloid process of the mandible. Locate the point with the mouth open. (Diagram 1, end of this chapter).
An internal branch to SI 19.
Direction Of Strike:
This point is usually struck straight in to the head. It is best suited with a one knuckle punch or using a claw type of hand where the finger tips strike into the point. It is made more effective when SI 19 is also attacked. This can be achieved by the use of the "Dim-Mak Claw". (Photo No. 12).
Struck on its own, this point will give extreme nausea and dizziness. Death will occur only if the point is struck really hard.
Set Up Point:
"Neigwan" or PC 6 (see diagram at and of PC chapter) is struck straight inwards just before the GB 2 strike. Neigwan is a type of utility set up point which can be used as a set up for many of the major strikes.
Poke up into ST 3 just under the cheek bones with the index and middle finger tips of one hand. (See the diagram at the end of the ST chapter for the location of ST 3). (Photo No. 13)
GB 2 is supplied by an anterior aural branch of the superficial temporal artery, and in the deep position, by the external carotid artery and the posterior facial vein.
Enervated by the great auricular nerve and a branch of the facial nerve.
GB 2 is used against tinnitus (ringing in the ear), deafness, otitis media, deaf mutism, toothache and facial paralysis.
Traditional Indications: Mouth and eyes awry, hemiplegia, seizure in which the body is alternately tense and limp, madly running away, dislocation of jaw, swelling of parotid glands, tinnitus, deafness and toothache.
The technique used is to press the points on both sides, hold them, or rotate them, as for GB 1 clockwise of counter clockwise for either xu or shi conditions.
This point can be used along with "Tingmia" (an ‘extra’ point located at the lower anterior root of the ear lobe). With "Chinqian", (an extra point 0.5 cun anterior to GB 20), with ST 6 and ST 4 for apoplectic facial paralysis.
GB 2 can also be used along with "Xiaxi (GB 43 for tinnitus, and with "Foot Qiaoyin (GB 44 for deafness).
1/. The opponent attacks with a right hook punch. I will attack his right forearm with my right knife edge palm to his "neigwan" point (PC 6). (Photo No. 14). My right ‘dim-mak’ claw rebounds back in an arc to strike the side of his face with my five fingertips. My middle finger will make contact with GB 2 while my index finger makes contact with SI 17, my thumb contacts ST 9, while my ring finger contacts SI 19 and my small finger contacts GB 1. Obviously, this is the optimum strike, but requires great accuracy. Even if you are luck to get only two of the above points with one of them being GB 2 then this strike is devastating and will cause death from extreme Qi (energy) drainage. (Photo No. 15).
2/. He attacks with a right straight. My right palm takes his arm, slamming it down the forearm to set up the point. (Photo No. 16). My left palm instantly also slams downward on the forearm as my right one knuckle punch attacks to GB 2. (Photo No. 17). You could also have used a palm strike with this method as you do not have to be so accurate using the palm.