I found this old file of Tai Chi Techniques hidden in my thousands of old files. It will give those who have read the file called "35 Weeks in the Erle Montaigue System", some more in-depth information on those training methods. Going through these old files, I am learning again myself! It really takes me right back.

These tai chi techniques and training methods should be given to the student at the appropriate times as indicated in the grading schedule. Some of them not listed should be given when the instructor feels that the student is ready to receive the particular method.

Usually, the tai chi techniques and training methods should start after green belt has been reached, but this is totally subjective and up to the particular instructor and student.

USING P'ENG: Tai Chi Techniques

This method involves the use of the posture P'eng from the form. The student stands in front of his partner who will throw the punches. The student must use P'eng to block upwards hurting the opponent's wrist then follow with any one of a dozen techniques. Wrist locks, throws, arm locks, re-attack with palm or fist etc.

P'ENG FOOTWORK: Tai Chi Techniques

This involves the student using P'eng as he/she moves out to the side and comes back with slant flying. This is not necessarily to learn the use of slant flying, but if this is done with good timing then many other techniques will follow. The same basics apply to all.

KICKS DEFENCE: Tai Chi Techniques

Makes use of the legs to defend against an attack. The student must not use his/her hands as the opponent attacks with anything. They must use the low kicks to the knees or back kicks to the stomach area, or to the groin. The back turning kick is handy here or the back spinning kick low to the legs is also useful. These should also be trained on the bag, always using the front leg to kick.

KICKS: Tai Chi Techniques

Snap front kick to the knee; Slap kick to the side of the knee; Back kick to the knee; Step to side and kick to side of knee cap; Front heel kick; Front round house kick; Crescent kick; Back crescent; Hook kick; Back turning kick; Back spinning kick; Double front snap kick, one low one high; Back kick;

Leaping back kick; Groin shot, normal; Groin shot side;

KICK TRAINING Kidney shot.

One partner attacks with a punch, the other blocks with P'eng and steps past the attacker as he uses hook kick to the kidney area, he immediately stomps downward onto the kidney points at the back of the knee. NB// USE CAUTION WITH THIS METHOD AS IT CAN CAUSE GREAT DAMAGE TO THE KIDNEYS!

KICK PUSHING: Tai Chi Techniques

This is a tai chi technique of using pushing hands to train your CROSS KICK. The cross kick involves you meeting an opponent head on and another one attacks from the side so you are able to kick across your centre to break the second attacker's leg while still attending to the first.

You perform single push hands and have another person move in from the side with a small kick bag covering his leading knee. You use your peripheral vision to sense this second attack and when he is within range snap kick across yourself with great power to break his leg (so to speak). You should not miss a beat with your push hands and in fact your push hands partner should sometimes also attack with palm strike as the other one attacks.

Also you are able to have two other attackers coming in from the sides but this time you use the cross snap on the first with the other receiving a low back kick to the knee without losing a beat.

'V' STEPPING: Tai Chi Techniques

One person attacks with a front snap kick to the abdomen. (This could represent any type of centre line kick). The student must step out to the side with his/her front leg in a 'V' to avoid the attack while blocking it and re-attacking with his other foot to the knee.

CROSS STEP: Tai Chi Techniques

One person is attacked with front punch. He steps in to it and P'eng blocks upward as he cross steps. He then has a number of alternatives. He can use back hook kick to the legs using the calf. He can slide his hand down the arm and step behind using bend backwards, or he can use back spinning punch. The important thing here is not the technique but the timing of the whole exercise.

BARGING: Tai Chi Techniques

This technique is used against most kicks. The partner kicks high but you have detected it and have barged in thus putting his timing out. You then continue with that momentum and slam your arms across his chest or face etc. Or use another appropriate technique. The main aim here is to detect the attack and barge in on it.

8 KICKING: Tai Chi Techniques

This comes from pa-kua Chang and involves the use of the whole lower body to gain power in the most effective low kicks. The main aim is to gain stability while swivelling on the ball of the standing foot and executing an effective kick to the legs.

One person is the kicker the other the defended. The kicker kicks with his left foot to you legs. You detect it and kick to his knee with your right low heel kick (learned on the bag). He then pulls his foot back and attacks with another low kick with the same foot. You spin on your left toes and execute a back stomp to his oncoming knee. He then kicks low with his right foot. You use 'slap' kick (learned on the bag) to the inside of his knee. He then attacks with his left foot again and you use back low hook kick to damage his calf muscle and nerve points. You then change immediately to the other leg and do the same on the left side thus the 8 kicking method.


Block the opponent's right kick with your right palm as you step to your left and forward. Hammer his kneecap with your left palm.

ATTACKS: Step forward, parry and punch.

This is one of the best attacking methods from Taiji. It is relentless. He attacks with right fist or just lifts his hand to attack. You take a step forward and slightly to your left and hammer his forearm with your right back fist. Your left palm is already into his face as you step with your left foot and follow up with a take down by throwing him over your left leg with your left arm. You should follow this with fingers to the eyes on the ground. There are many peripheral techniques from this one.

1ST line: Attack his first line of defence.

That is, you should always try to attack the peripheral that is closest to you before coming in to his centre.

HAWK: Swoops on fowl.

This is from pa-kua and involves the student attacking with an upward swing of his palm to break though the opponent's guard to attack the face with the backs of the fingers.

SLAP: Tai Chi Techniques

There are many attacking methods that involve firstly attacking the oncoming peripheral with a slap. One of the most effective is after the slap, and just about at the same time, we strike the inside of the biceps with the thumb before coming back with a back fist to the face.

90 DEG: Tai Chi Techniques

This involves the student stepping to the side as the attack comes in. He then attacks with a palm strike straight out at 90 degs to him to gain the most power.

FOLDING: Tai Chi Techniques

There are two methods of folding. One person stands directly in front of his partner. You must attack your partner with a right (or left) straight punch. He blocks this from the outside with a slap block. This should cause your arm to buckle at the wrist and come back with a back fist. If he blocks that, you should block it out of the way and come back with another attack etc. This means that you should block and re-attack his every block of your attacks. This is the folding method.

The second method means that you learn to attack almost simultaneously with every block. Your partner stands in front of you and throws a left jab. You block it from the outside with your right palm. You Immediately fold it up and attack his left ribs with your right elbow. He attacks with right jab so you slip block his attack with your right palm facing upward and slips it into his face fingers downward. He now attacks with left upper cut to the ribs while your right palm circles in a C/W circle to block it over to your left and attack again with your right elbow. He now attacks with another right jab so you block with right P'eng and break his arm with split.


These are the methods to gain no tai chi technique and are quite advanced.

VERTICAL: Tai Chi Techniques

Your opponent stands opposite you and attacks with left jab. You block this with a 'controlling' slap with your left palm over to your right. Immediately, your right palm comes up underneath and takes over this block to control. He then attacks with right hook punch to your left ribs. Your left palm hammers downward onto his right inside forearm to damage and your right palm or fist attacks his face. You should hear four distinctive sounds. This is the basic 'vertical' method. You practice this for five times on one side and then five times on the other side, then back to the other etc. There is another way to use this method. You partner can also throw an upper round house punch instead of the lower attack. You should block in the same way but out to the side instead of down.

LATERAL: Tai Chi Techniques

This is the second of the long har-ch'uan methods. Your opponent now throws two upper straight attacks. You block the first one with your right palm turned toward you. Immediately, the left palm comes up underneath this one and takes over the block and carries it over to your left, palm out. The palms are crossed at this point. He now throws his second attack and you use your right palm to block it over to your right as your left palm hits his face. This method also has other ways of doing it. You can change sides without stopping. Or you can block the first attack with your left palm as in the vertical method and then take the second attack with your right palm and attack in the same way with your left.

WILLOW TREE: Tai Chi Techniques

This method involves training both with a partner and with an implement. You start with your partner as he throws any punch to your face. If it is a left attack you should slap his left arm with your right palm and slide your palm down his arm. Your left palm immediately takes over the block and slides down the arm as your right palm attacks to his face. The attacking arm has been kept out of the way be the sweeping action of both palms in turn as the other one attacks. There are peripherals of this exercise as well.

STEP AND PARRY: Tai Chi Techniques

This method trains the technique which it implies. As you partner attacks with right fist, you step to your left with your left foot and hammer his arm downward with your right back fist. Your left palm has already touched his arm just above where your fist attacked and slides up and into his face as your right foot kicks to his knee. He attacks with left fist so you repeat the same thing on the other side etc.

SWING DEFENCE: Tai Chi Techniques

This method uses the waist as the governing factor for timing and power. You can either train using the mitts or train with a partner, both should be done.

Stand in a normal boxing stance with one foot forward. Your partner holds two mitts so you punch the left one with a front snap punch. Immediately, you turn your waist and punch across yourself to strike the other mitt while blocking downward with your left palm. This is significant of blocking his second attack.

SLIP BLOCKS: Tai Chi Techniques

This method trains the very effective block and attack simultaneously.

Your partner attacks with left jab. You thrust your right palm towards his face which blocks the oncoming attack and also attacks his face. He now attacks with a slightly rounder attack with the same hand. You block it on the inside with your right palm and slip down his arm to attack his neck or face with the same palm.

Next he attacks with right fist and you block from the outside with your right palm and slip down his arm to attack his face. You should now slide that same arm down his arm and grab that arm while your other palm attacks his face again. Next, he attacks with right jab so you block on the inside with your right palm and slide down the inside to attack his face while controlling that attack with your other palm.

HINGE/P'ENG: Tai Chi Techniques

This method trains the most effective methods of 'hinge block and P'eng block' from anywhere. These methods are used also for the 'bumping' techniques from the knife attack training.

He attacks with left jab. You block from the outside with your right hinged forearm bumping his arm with great force. He attacks with right jab so you block it and bump it with right P'eng forearm. He attacks with left jab so you block with right P'eng from the outside. He attacks with right jab so you block from the inside with right hinged forearm. He attacks with left jab so you block from the outside with P'eng. He attacks with right jab so you block with P'eng stepping to the outside and blocking on the outside. He attacks with left jab so you block on the outside with right hinge. He attacks with right jab so you block with right P'eng on the inside. He attacks with either knee so you attack it downward with right P'eng. He attacks with left jab so you block it with right hinge. He attacks with right knee (which could represent any kicking technique) so you attack it with right P'eng on the inside. He attacks with left jab so you block it with right hinge on the inside.

SNAKE FINGERS: Tai Chi Techniques

This trains the use of the fingers to attack to the vital points and creates great accuracy. The fingers should also be trained on the mitt so that they become strong and one is trained in the 'spring' technique so that the fingers will not be hurt.

You partner throws a left jab. You thrust your right fingers into his eyes, which simultaneously blocks his attack. He attacks again with left jab so you block on the inside with your left fingers turned upward and again slip off to strike the eyes. He attacks again with left jab so you step with your left foot (you started out with your left foot forward) to your right and cross step as you simultaneously block and strike to his eyes with your left fingers.

He not attacks with a right jab so you spin around lifting your right foot off the ground and attack as you block with your right fingers to his eyes. He attacks with right jab so you step to your left with your right foot and cross step as you attack to his eyes with your right fingers.

You are now in the opposite position so you can now begin on the other side.

HIGH PAT ON: HORSE: Tai Chi Techniques

This method trains timing and balance and is great for endurance and awareness.

Your partner throws a right jab. Your left foot is forward. You block with your left palm upward like in the posture, 'lift hands to heaven'. He takes that momentum and allows his right fist to circle downward to attack to your lower left ribs. Your left palm slams downward palm up as your right palm attacks to his face turned out to stop any further attack. You left foot also attacks to his groin.

Here's the hard part. Your partner now blocks your right attack in the same way that you just did. You now take you right palm downward to attack to his left ribs. He blocks downward wit his left palm as you just did and attacks your face with his right palm as he kick to your groin. Your left foot which is still up from the previous technique blocks his foot and your left palm blocks his right palm, so the whole thing starts over again.

FOOT SLAP: Tai Chi Techniques

Your partner kicks to your groin. You block it with your foot and attack to his groin. He blocks with his foot and attacks to your groin etc.

FOLDING ADVANCED: Tai Chi Techniques

This is an advanced folding technique and trains the use of every peripheral for any given time and situation. We call this, never give a sucker an even break.

Your partner should have a full-face mask on for this method. He throws a right round attack while you simultaneously block with your left palm outward and attack his face with your right elbow. He now attacks with left round punch so you turn to your right and as your right palm moves to block out to your right, it attacks his face. As your right palm blocks his left palm, your left palm also attacks his face. Now your right palm grabs his left wrist and your left elbow comes back in to his face. He now throws a right punch so you swivel around to the left and again block with your left palm as your right elbow attacks to his face and the whole thing is repeated.

WRIST FLICK: Tai Chi Techniques

This method trains the fa-jing techniques. It may not be a part of the technique at all but if you do it, then the technical ability to perform this feat causes the whole body to fa-jing thus gaining maximum internal power and speed.

You partner simply throws a jab and you block with your wrist flexed. You then flick you wrist into his face with great power and explosion.

TECHNIQUE: Tai Chi Techniques

You block his right attack with your right palm and almost simultaneously attack his face with your right elbow. You right palm then snakes around his head and drag it down onto your right knee.


You block his attack with 'nun offers food' to attack to his face. You then use the attacking palm to grab his neck and using the leverage gained by the position of both arms break his neck.


Block with right or left slap block and come in with the same elbow to his face or lower abdomen.


Use this tai chi technique to break a good on guard stance. Your opponent stands with his palm sin on guard position. You use the vertical method from the 'long har-ch'uan' to slap his leading palm open, the other palm slaps his other arm outward while your foot opens his legs for the groin kick.

MITT TRAINING: Tai Chi Techniques

Many methods. Partner stands holding one mitt. You have your eyes closed. He says 'go' and you open your eyes. You do not look at the mitt but rather use your peripheral vision to see it and attack it with whatever portion is appropriate. You speed and power must be at a maximum. This can extend to using the feet, head and elbows etc.

Your partner holds two mitts, you close your eyes. He says go and you open and attack any mitt. He immediately moves the other mitt, which you must also hit.

PUNCHING: Tai Chi Techniques

Leading jab; back fist; hammer fist; upward flick; body strike; reversed fist; thumb fist; penetration punch; stork spreads wings punch; back sweeping body attack; back spinning; multiple punch;

BACK SPINNING: Tai Chi Techniques

Your partner stands holding two mitts. You step in with your left foot turned inward as you block an imaginary punch. You then spin around and hit the other mitt.

USING VOICE: Tai Chi Techniques

Your partner stands in front of you and goes to strike you with any portion. You make a sound with your voice to stop the attack. Later you can combine the voice with a point with one palm. This has the effect of making for very fast reaction times, as the voice is a bridge between the physical and the abstract.

PLACE YOURSELF: Tai Chi Techniques

Always place your self before the opponent's heel. This means that when you perform any close in technique such as elbow or knee, you should always be aware of the opponent's knees. So your knee should be placed so that it blocks his knees.

GRABBING: Tai Chi Techniques

Your opponent throws a series of straight jabs. You should try and use P'eng to block and very quickly turn the wrist over to grab and attack with your other palm. If you can't grab the wrist then your partner slows down until you can, then increases the speed slowly.

HOLDS: Tai Chi Techniques

Training to get out of holds. Your partner uses a series of different wrist holds. You use the pa-kua method of getting out of these and re-attacking etc. Hold your palm in the central position and have your partner strike your palm. You must get it out of the way before he hits you and re-attack.

DISTANCE: Tai Chi Techniques

This trains you to strike as soon as the opponent is within range. This could mean when any part of his body is within range. You do some sparring and make sure that you attack him as soon as he is within your striking range. In this way he should never be able to hit you because you have hit him before he has the chance to hit you. You snuff out his feet and hand attacks before they start or if they have begun you put his timing way out.

PUSH MITT: Tai Chi Techniques

Have your eyes closed as your partner holds a mitt. He pushes you anywhere to put you off balance. You immediately open your eyes and strike the mitt which could be held anywhere.

SHOCK VALUE: Tai Chi Techniques

We only ever are defeated usually because of the 'shock' value of the opponent's attack. If he hits us, then while we are thinking 'SHIT! What has happened', he has hit you again. We use double push hands to train in this method. Our partner hits us with an explosive strike during push hands. We should strike as soon as the attack has happened thus stopping the second attack. If we do not attack then the partner must attack us again, and again etc.


Feint with a foot attack and leap onto the other foot for the second to the legs.


Feint with round house punch and hook back in to attack to the chin with 'nun offers food'.

HINGED ELBOW: Tai Chi Techniques

This can also be used as a most devastating attack. The whole forearm is slammed across the opponent's chest.

KICKS: Tai Chi Techniques

With hands held behind the back, block his kicks only with your feet. This is not a technique but a training method to gain timing and great footwork.


Block with right knife-edge palm and slip it off to attack to his face with knife-edge.

No.1 PALM: Tai Chi Techniques

This method trains the hinge block and No.1 palm from pa-kua.

He strike you with his left fist, you block using right hinge from outside. He attacks with right fist, you block upward and slid your right No.1 palm to his face then quickly jerk his right arm downward as you strike to his face with your left palm. He now attacks with left hook punch to my ribs so I block downward using right inside hinge to the outside and circle his arm over. I then have my left palm take over the block and attack his side with my right palm. This is then repeated on the other side.

PA-KUA NO.8: Tai Chi Techniques

This method comes from the eighth pa-kua method. He strikes me with his right palm low. I block down with my left hinged forearm and lift his arm over to circle upward. My right palm takes over the block and my left palm attacks to his right side. He now uses the same technique to defend and attack and it continues.

BEAR ROUTINE: Tai Chi Techniques

This comes from pa-kua and involves your partner coming forward with continuous attacks. You must use the 'bear' postures from pa-kua to spin and block his arms thus hurting them.

TWO KICKS: Tai Chi Techniques

An excellent training method using two bags and two other people. Your partners stand in front of you, one with the bag at knee level to your side, the other with the bag at knee level in front of you. You kick the first bag to the side using 'slap' kick and immediately bounce off that bag into a back kick onto the other bag.

STREET ATTACK: Tai Chi Techniques

Your partner has all of the protective equipment. He attacks you with all of the force that he can find, relentless attacks. You must use whatever is appropriate to defend yourself, that is, the closest object, be it head, elbow knee, fist, palm or whatever. You must bring him to the ground or he will just keep on coming and attacking you. He also has gloves on so that he is able to strike you.

KICKS: Tai Chi Techniques

Use P'eng to block and slide down the leg to attack to his groin.

CHEE SAU: Tai Chi Techniques

During chee-sau training remember to lift the palm off his arm suddenly so that he has the chance to train in striking you if you break contact.


Block with hinge on the inside. Turn it over and attack with back fist to the triceps and then follow with palm to the abdomen.

KNIFE: Tai Chi Techniques

Train using the bumping techniques. Remember the three criteria when dealing with knives.

Get out of there. Bump his arm while simultaneously attacking his centre. Then break his arm.

Train on the stick using the up an down knife cuts. Train all cuts. Use as for empty hand techniques etc.

SLAPPING: Tai Chi Techniques

Remember the two fa-jing training methods. Foot slapping and wrist flicking.

The training method for wrist slapping is to have your partner attack you with a front jab. You block it from the outside with 'yang' hand and immediately flick your wrist into a 'yin' hand to attack his face with the back of your wrist.

KICKS: Tai Chi Techniques

Have you partner kick with straight kick to the stomach. You should not block but rather turn your waist to evade the strike.

GRABS: Tai Chi Techniques

Releases from grabs from the rear, throws etc. head locks, turn the chin and pull his arm to release or just hit him in the groin.

POLE TRAINING: Tai Chi Techniques

This is where your partner simply runs at you with a pole. You should twist your waist to avoid the attack. This is to get your waist moving and is the best method I know of for this purpose.

SNAKE FINGERS: Tai Chi Techniques

This is a simple training method which holds great training. Your partner has his hand on top of yours. He tries to strike you low, you block down low, he immediately strikes up so you block up. It is he who is training in the snake hands because he uses 'snake fingers' to attack.

LOCKS: Tai Chi Techniques

Grabbed from behind onto shoulders. Hold his hand onto your shoulder, take elbow over his elbow and turn body thus breaking his wrist or elbow. He grabs your shoulder or neck from the front. Same thing, grab his hand and hold it on, bring your elbow over his elbow and force it down.

BARGING: Tai Chi Techniques

This trains you to not go back when attacked but come in. Have one foot on the wall and it stays there, i.e.; you can have any foot on the wall. Your partner attacks and you must step forward and to the side to avoid the attack leaving your foot on the wall. You can change step quickly at a later stage. The opponent must attack the centre line.

STICK/ATTACK: Tai Chi Techniques

This is where one folds his arms and the other attacks with continuous punches. The defence should be attack and slipping etc.

SINGLE/DOUBLE: Tai Chi Techniques

This is where we take the 'other hand' from double push hands and train it only.


Take the punch with P'eng or hinge and lock it upward then pull it around to lock on the ground as from double push hands.

FOOTWORK: Tai Chi Techniques

Move out of the way of the attack and then attack as he's coming through with either elbow or palm or arm etc.


Take hinge block from outside reverse palm and pull arm over to the outside, take down with throw.

ADVANCED, SAN-SAU: Tai Chi Techniques

This involves the small san-sau becoming more complicated. This is where the attacker and receiver no longer exist, both are doing the same. The attacker must also block the defender's attacks with a moving forward approach. The defender can attack anywhere. It usually involves using the first two methods from anywhere but can involve all of the methods.

MOVE YIN PART: Tai Chi Techniques

This is push hands where we learn to move only the yin leg and to change direction to 90 degrees.

ONE ARM BAR: Tai Chi Techniques

Block his left arm on the inside, bring left palm under his elbow (as in the push hands technique, pull his elbow and lock his wrist with your right shoulder. Use your elbow to lock it all in.


Block his same side punch on the outside to attack his face as you simultaneously attack the back of his knee with a sharp instep kick. This will pull him down as you lock his arm into a hammer one-arm lock.


Block his left punch on the outside with your right palm and attack his face. This stuns him. Hook your right fingers around his neck and using his chin as lever pull his body, curved downward to throw him and lift up your knee into his rib area.



Six Methods:

1st Method:

Four punches, two up & two low: You block as per sm. san-sau. Then for 2nd high hook, block with double as per low normal san-sau. Strike to his GB24. To his right low, block using slam and ST9 shot again. To his left low, use double and attack to mind point.

2nd Method:

Five punches, three up & two low. Normal san sau.

3rd Method:

Put them out of sync.

4th Method:

Use either slam & strike or double for the lowers.

5th Method

You defend (the puncher defends also.

6th method

Now the attackee can return fire up or low so you the puncher now has something to do by knowing where his attack is coming from.


From Advanced Push Hands. Begin with your partner pushing onto your right P'eng with hinge under. Knock his right arm over to your right with your left hinge and then attack to his CV22 with right fingers. Then you do it with a little walk to his right. Then he blocks your attack and you do the goat walk around once. Then you do it with one person doing a second attack or third attack as you walk and you must react using the correct technique.


Push Hands, P'eng/hinge using eagle claw and tiger paw etc. Grab using claw, not only on elbow but also on wrist with fingers.


The four steps from Bagwa to gain the 'post'. Front foot goes behind, next step to front with arc, then across the front foot and then arc around again. Now we use this with a partner applying pressure to our P'eng. Being with same foot and hand forward but take over the pressure with the other hand after first step and for 2nd & 3rd steps, once again take over pressure with initial hand for last step.

TECHNIQUE To Start the Heart.

Sit him up you in back of him. Press down onto notch of clavicle or collarbone at ST 11, this stimulates the vagus nerve which starts the heart. As well, you should slap in a circular blow to his BL 14 & 16, heart shu points on the back.


Using the claw from Taiji: The 'beautiful hand or time palm hand is used to attack to certain areas of the face to cause nuro shutdown. We train in this to show that it can be used against all types of attacks. He thrown a straight, I slip my right hand in the inside then re-bound off to attack to the side of his face. The configuration of the fingers strikes to St 3, TW 17, Si 17. SI19 & GB2 I then go on the outside and attack to his face again. I can use this configuration to also attack to St 15 in a claw type to his pectoral. Also we can use the hook from Taiji to attack to Si 16. And then also use the claw to Tw 15 & CO 16 on the top of collar bone. Also to ST 11, vagus nerve. We can use the 'tiger paw' one knuckle punch to attack to the Lu 2 in triangle. As well as to St 13.